Antimony Trioxide Primarily

  • Technical Information -

    Technical Information TMS ®-HP/Timonox Blue Star/ FireShield H-HPM / Thermoguard® HPM Polymer Grade Antimony Trioxide TMS-HP/Timonox Blue Star / FireShield H-HPM / Thermoguard HPM is a high purity grade of antimony trioxide designed primarily for more critical flame retardant,

  • Environmental Factor - March 2018: Experts agree that ...

    Antimony trioxide is primarily used as a chemical agent in halogenated flame retardants for canvas and textiles, so it is present in some furniture, draperies, and carpets. The substance is also used in the production of polyethylene terephthalate plastic, enamel and …

  • Diantimony trioxide - Substance Information - ECHA

    Substance identity Substance identity. The ‘Substance identity’ section links substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the substance name, substance identifiers (EC and CAS number) and/or the molecular formula.

  • Antimony oxide (Sb2O3) | O3Sb2 - PubChem

    Antimony trioxide produced differential killing in DNA repair-proficient compared to repair-deficient strains of Bacillus subtilis. In a spot test, it was not mutagenic to Escherichia coli B/rWP2 or to Salmonella typhimurium TA1535, TA1537, TA1538, TA98 or TA100. Antimony trioxide induced micronucleus formation in mice, but not in rats.

  • Antimony- Drinking Water Contaminants, Facts/Removal Methods

    Production of the most commonly used antimony compound, the trioxide, increased during the 1980s to about 31 million lbs, reported in 1985. Industrial dust, auto exhaust and home heating oil are the main sources in urban air. ... These releases were primarily from copper and lead smelting and refining industries. The largest releases occurred ...

  • Antimony - Strategic Metal Investments Ltd.

    Antimony Trioxide (Sb 2 O 3) | 99.5-99.8%. Antimony Trioxide (Sb2O3) is a white powder primarily used as a fire retardant in plastic insulations, but also in electronic devices, filling agents pigments and as a catalytic agent in organic synthesis. ...

  • Draft Report on Carcinogens Concept Antimony Trioxide

    in the database used or produced antimony trioxide. Air monitoring data specific for antimony trioxide industries comes primarily from NIOSH walk-through surveys of a few smelters or antimony trioxide companies conducted largely in the 1970’s which were usually conducted as part of health hazard evaluations or for an epidemiological study ...

  • Antimony -

    antimony imported and smelted in the United States satisfied the bulk of the country’s needs. Idaho was the only State producing antimony-in-concentrate as a byproduct of treating complex silver-copper-antimony sulfide ore. Four domestic antimony smelters processed various forms of antimony mostly into antimony trioxide used primarily for flame-

  • Antimony trioxide - Wikipedia

    Antimony oxides (primarily antimony trioxide) are used as fire retardants for plastics, textiles, rubber, adhesives, pigments, and paper. (1) Sources and Potential Exposure Antimony is found at very low levels throughout the environment. (1) The concentration of antimony in ambient air ranges from less than 1 nanogram per cubic meter (ng/m 3)

  • Antimony - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    The most significant use of antimony is the production of antimony trioxide for flame retardation (ATSDR, 1992; Butterman and Carlin, 2004). Antimony trioxide (+ 3 antimony), a white powder, is the single most important economic form, used primarily as a fire retardant. It is a stable substance that is not volatile and dissolves in water slightly.

  • FAQ | Frequently asked questions related to antimonytrioxide

    Antimony compounds in the form of oxides, sulfides, sodium antimonate, and antimony trichloride are used in the making of flame-proofing compounds, ceramic enamels, glass, paints, and pottery. Antimony trioxide is the most important of the antimony compounds and is primarily …

  • Screening Assessment for the Challenge Antimony trioxide ...

    (soil, drinking water, ambient air) and food, as well as results for antimony trioxide from a survey conducted under section 71 of CEPA 1999, the general population is expected to be exposed to antimony trioxide primarily from items containing flame retardants. However, the total exposure level to antimony trioxide resulting from

  • Guidance on alternative flame retardants to the use of ...

    Antimony trioxide and zinc borate are primarily used as synergists in combination with halogenated flame retardants. Alternative synergists include zinc hydroxystannate (ZHS), zinc stannate (ZS), and certain molybdenum compounds. The whole group of inorganic flame retardants represents around 50% by volume of the global flame retardant

  • Antimony - Flame Retardants - Polymerinsights

    Antimony trioxide has been used as a white pigment since ancient times. The pigmentation from antimony oxide in plastics can be controlled and adjusted by the judicious selection of a Sb 2 O 3 grade having a specific particle size. The product with the smallest particle size and the narrowest particle-size range imparts the whitest color and highest opacity.


    * Antimony Trioxide can cause headaches, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, dry throat, and loss of sleep. Chronic Health Effects The following chronic (long-term) health effects can occur at some time after exposure to Antimony Trioxide and can last for months or years: Cancer Hazard * Antimony Trioxide may be a CARCINOGEN in humans

  • Antimony trioxide (Antimony oxide) -

    In Canada, antimony trioxide is primarily used in combination with other compounds to provide flame retardant properties. Flame retardants used in items such as mattress covers, furniture and carpets may contain antimony trioxide. Antimony trioxide is also used in the manufacturing of a ...

  • Antimony | Sb - PubChem

    Antimony trioxide is the most important of the antimony compounds and is primarily used in flame-retardant formulations. These flame-retardant applications include such markets as children's clothing, toys, and aircraft and automobile seat covers. from USGS National Minerals Information Center.


    form of antimony in drinking-water is a key determinant of the toxicity, and it would appear that antimony leached from antimony-containing materials would be in the form of the antimony(V) oxo-anion, which is the less toxic form. The subchronic tox-icity of antimony trioxide is lower than that of potassium antimony tartrate, which is

  • Provisional Peer Reviewed Toxicity Values for Antimony ...

    Potkonjak and Pavlovich, 1983) chronically exposed to airborne antimony (primarily antimony trioxide) showed serious adverse effects occurring at the lowest exposure levels tested. Thus, the data were considered inadequate for the derivation of MRL values. Among occupational-

  • Global Diantimony Trioxide 1309 64 4 Market Report History ...

    Antimony trioxide is mainly used in white pigments, paints and plastics, and can act as a pigment and flame retardant. The global Diantimony Trioxide(1309-64-4) market was xx million US$ in 2018 and is expected to xx million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of xx% between 2019 and 2025.

  • Chemie der Erde - Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Chemie der Erde 72 (2012) S4, 3–8 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect ... Antimony trioxide, Sb2O3, is the most important antimony compound produced. Today, antimony trioxide is produced by ... operations are used in the mineral processing of antimony. These include primarily conventional crushing and grinding followed by

  • Silicon dioxide - Wikipedia

    Silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula Si O 2, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms. In many parts of the world, silica is the major constituent of sand.Silica is one of the most complex and most abundant families of materials, existing as a compound of several minerals and as synthetic product.

  • Mandalay Resources » Antimony

    Antimony trioxide is the most important of the antimony compounds and is primarily used in flame-retardant formulations. These flame-retardant applications include such markets as children’s clothing, toys, aircraft and automobile seat covers. U.S. Domestic Production and Use: There was no antimony mine production in the United States in 2012.

  • Draft Report on Carcinogens Monograph on Antimony Trioxide ...

    The main exposures to antimony trioxide are from inhalation of airborne solid dust and for workers in facilities producing or using antimony trioxide. Exposures of the public to antimony trioxide are primarily from environmental exposures secondary to human activities. Antimony trioxide can form in the product life cycle of other antimony ...

  • Antimony Trioxide Litigation | Tucker Ellis | LLP

    Antimony trioxide is a white, odorless powder used primarily as a flame-retardant agent and in pigments, ceramics, textiles, enamels, adhesives, plastics, and rubber. It is also used to stain copper and iron and to decolorize glass.

  • CDC - NBP - Biomonitoring Summaries - Antimony

    Dec 23, 2016· Biomonitoring Summary Antimony. CAS No. 7440-36-0 General Information. Antimony is found in ores or other minerals, often combined with oxygen to form antimony trioxide or with sulfur to form stibnite. Antimony can exist in one of four valences in its various chemical and physical forms: -3, 0, +3, and +5.

  • Antimony - Wikipedia

    Antimony is a member of group 15 of the periodic table, one of the elements called pnictogens, and has an electronegativity of 2.05. In accordance with periodic trends, it is more electronegative than tin or bismuth, and less electronegative than tellurium or arsenic.Antimony is stable in air at room temperature, but reacts with oxygen if heated to produce antimony trioxide, Sb 2 O 3.

  • RoC Review of Antimony Trioxide -

    Oxide of trivalent (+3) antimony and most commercially significant form of antimony. Primarily used as a synergist for halogenated flame retardants in plastics, rubber, and textiles, all of which are used in a wide variety of consumer products.

  • Antimony Statistics and Information - USGS

    Stibnite (Sb 2 S 3) is the predominant ore mineral of antimony. The most important use of antimony metal is as a hardener in lead for storage batteries. The metal also finds applications in solders and other alloys. Antimony trioxide is the most important of the antimony compounds and is primarily used in flame-retardant formulations.

  • Antimony Market Global Industry Perspective, Share, Size ...

    Apr 23, 2019· The growth of the global antimony market is primarily driven by the increasing use of the element as a flame retardant in major industries such as building and construction, automotive, electrical ...

  • Antimony Uses - Worldwide Antimony worldwide is used ...

    Antimony is a metal which occurs naturally in the earth’s crust. The product is sold commercially in the form of grey, ... Antimony worldwide is used primarily as a flame retardant and as an alloy in batteries, with a wide variety of other ... Antimony Trioxide, May 2011 (4) USGS Mineral Commodity Profiles - Antimony, 2004

  • 10 Antimony Trioxide | Toxicological Risks of Selected ...

    Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF ...

  • Antimony Trioxide - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Antimony compounds are often locally irritant when injected. Stibine behaves like arsine and is potent inducer of hemolysis. Sb 3+ compounds (particularly antimony trioxide and antimony trisulfide) are potential carcinogens. Sb 5+ compounds are not classical mutagens but act as carcinogens.

  • Technical Information - Great Lakes

    Technical Information TMS ®-P/Timonox White Star Antimony Trioxide TMS®-P/Timonox White Star is a higher purity grade ofantimony trioxide designed primarily for more critical flame retardant, ceramic pigment and glass applications. It is whiter in colour than TMS/Timonox and contains lower levels of Lead (Pb)